MTN Group has agreed to pay a reduced fine of 330 billion naira ($1.7 billion) in a settlement with the Nigerian government of a long-running dispute over unregistered SIM cards, sending shares in the South African telecoms group soaring.
The settlement clears the way for MTN to list its local unit on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. Such a step had been on the firm’s radar but plans accelerated during negotiations over the fine, Executive Chairman Phuthuma Nhleko said.
The fine will be paid by MTN Nigeria over three years and is only around a third of the $5.2 billion figure initially demanded Nigeria last October for failing to deactivate more than five million unregistered SIM cards.
Nigeria has been cracking down on unregistered SIM cards, concerned they are used for criminal activity.
MTN had threatened to pull out of Nigeria as paying the fine in full would have crippled its local operations, a government official said, asking not to be named.
“The present administration does not want to ground the operations of any investor in Nigeria,” he said.
However, in a possible complication, Nigeria’s House of Representatives said it was surprised by the deal as its own probe into the MTN fine had not been concluded.
In March, the lower house launched an investigation, arguing that reducing the initial fine of $5.2 billion would require changing the law.
“We are still continuing with our investigation,” said Fijabi Akinade, chairman of the House’s committee on communications. Lawmakers had summoned the communications minister and a top regulator official to discuss the deal on Monday.
“We want to know how they arrived at that decision and if it was done in good faith … But honestly, we are surprised,” Akinade added.
The dispute removed a cloud hanging over MTN and its shares surged more than 20 percent at one point and closed 13.18 percent higher at 140 rand. They had shed 22 percent since the fine was first announced.
“The relationship between MTN, the Federal Government of Nigeria and the Nigerian Communication Commission (NCC) has been restored and strengthened,” Nhleko said.
The Nigerian regulator said the settlement was acceptable to both parties and that it had not been “out to kill MTN”.
“Money was not the issue here. The breach was the issue. I believe MTN has learned its lesson,” NCC spokesman Tony Ojobo said.
MTN is the largest mobile phone operator in Nigeria with 62 million subscribers and Nigeria accounts for about one third of MTN’s revenues.
Nhleko, who was chief executive for nine years until 2011, was appointed on an interim basis for six months in November but has stayed on as the company negotiated with Nigerian authorities.
In February, MTN hired Eric Holder, the former U.S. attorney-general, to help negotiate the fine.
MTN, Africa’s largest telecoms company, has already paid 50 billion of the 330 billion naira owed. The rest will be paid in six instalments over three years, the company said.
Five weeks after the fine was first announced, MTN’s chief executive Sifiso Dabengwa resigned and the company asked Nhleko to take the reins temporarily.
A Johannesburg-based analyst gave Nhleko credit for not settling the fine earlier at a figure of $3.9 billion, the first sign Nigerian authorities gave after months of talks that it was willing to accept a lower sum.
“He’s the guy who built this ship and this shows he can still steer the ship,” Momentum SP Reid Securities analyst Sibonginkosi Nyanga said.
The telecommunications firm which spans 20 countries, set aside $600 million in March to pay the fine.